This video will give a very brief introduction to Vertical Farming. This may seem like science fiction yet given the land and spatial constraints each country suffers, vertical farming may be one feasible process of agriculture to go forward with to ensure food security for all.
Land costs will inevitably increase, as will how many buildings we can feasibly pack into urban areas whilst still maintaining a good balance of aesthetics, ecological, social, infrastructure,
Vertical Farming was considered from the mid 20th century yet was cited as unrealistic or cost prohibitive. In a future where land will always be at an increasing premium and becoming more rare – ‘if we can not grow outwards – we should grow upwards’.
Urban regeneration has often consisted of knocking down old buildings to replace (or retrofit/rebuild) with new homes/offices/factories etc.
Growing space and agricultural land is more challenging – often the food source and end user are vast distances apart which will require significant energy finite resources to get food from A to B. Vertical Farms may be built in dense urban areas as a viable option to grow locally and consume locally.
The energy can be produced on site via a combination of photovoltaics, Solar, wind (higher buildings have stronger wind speeds the higher up you go) and other possible renewable energy sources that can be exchanged with the local smart grid.
The water and atmospheric cycles can be controlled in micro environments (often enhanced – the atmosphere in vertical farm Greenhouses can be made more Carbon Dioxide rich) with an opportunity to reuse all the animal excrement, slurry and plant matter onsite via anaerobic digestion which can feed the heat and electricity back into the Vertical Farm facilities.